The feeding therapy aims to help the infants and the children with a variety of various feeding issues and addresses the important nutritional concerns of the children. The initial phase is the recognition when the child has problems like limited intake or reduced intake, food refusal, and dysgraphia. Others include swallowing issues, selection of food by texture or type, oral motor deficits, mealtime tantrums, swallowing and food phobias, and delayed feeding development. Feeding therapist addresses the issues which are an important concern for the elimination and prevention of various nutritional issues, the problems with growth which include failure to develop and thrive.
In the infant age, an unsafe swallowing of food can lead to aspiration pneumonia along with later improper attitudes and poor eating habits. The feeding therapist may also work along with the occupational therapist, nutritionist, social worker, physical therapist, speech or language pathologist, and medical professional. An initial evaluation is done and the child is observed during the feeding phase. The height, weight, body mass index, fat, and frame size is evaluated and the child is provided with all the basic requirements to help him or her to develop a healthy eating habit and proper diet intake. Skills and behaviour involved in the phase of feeding are learnt by the child through reinforcers and the painful experiences are eliminated.