Head Injuries in Children

by | Dec 4, 2020 | Physical Therapy

As someone who works in pediatric physical therapy, I get very excited to see children playing outside and participating in different sports. However, I am also someone who understands the hardship that comes along with injuries, especially head injuries. We are providing recent information and statistics that are important for families to consider.

The percentage of incidence increased significantly with age; those aged 15-17 years were 3 times more likely (11.7%) to experience a significant head injury than children aged 3-5 years (4%). According to emergency physician Robert Glatter, MD, in an interview with HealthDay, the increase of incidence with age can likely be attributed to more engagement in sports and activities. In all age categories, boys were more likely to have a head injury than girls. (

What is the difference between a concussion and a traumatic brain injury (TBI)?

Concussion is a brain injury that occurs when the brain is violently shaken. The injury can happen during rapid movement changes (such as whiplash) or when the head is directly hit.

 Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when an injury disrupts the way the brain functions. The most common causes of TBI are falls, car crashes, and blows to the head. 

According to findings published in JAMA (Association Between Early Participation in Physical Activity Following Acute Concussion and Persistent Postconcussive Symptoms in Children and Adolescents), those who participated in early physical activity had a significantly lower risk of persistent postconcussive symptoms (PPCS) that can include headaches, nausea, balance issues, dizziness, fatigue, irritability, anxiety, insomnia, memory issues, and vision problems. Ensure you see your Pediatric Physical Therapist to see how they can help with your child’s recovery following an injury. They will be able to guide you and your family with an individualized program that is safe and effective.

If your child has experienced a head injury, please contact us at TEAM 4 Kids ASAP to schedule a physical therapy evaluation.


Joshua Macey, PTA